INTRODUCTION TO ANALYSIS
There are three main sorts of analysis: classification, structure analysis, and operation analysis. Each type of analysis involves particular patterns of relationships..
- When we classify, we answer the questions "What is this a sort of?" and "What are the sorts of this?" The pattern of relationships for classification uses qualities to delineate "kinds of" and "sorts of" things.
- When we perform a structure analysis we answer the questions "What is this a part of?" and "What are the parts of this?" The pattern of relationships for structure analysis uses qualities which identify "part-whole" relationships.
- When we perform a operation analysis we answer the questions "What is this a stage of?" and "What are the stages of this?" Operation (or systems) analysis primarily uses temporal qualities, such as "before," "after," and "next," to identify sequential patterns of relationships.
When we say, "A person is an animal," we are classifying. When we say, "A leg is part of a person," we're performing a structure analysis. When we say, "Childhood is a stage in a person's life," we're performing an operation analysis. Thus, classification has to do with kinds of things. Structure analysis has to do with parts of things. Operation analysis has to do with stages of change in things.
The next three sections of this chapter (3*1~3*2~3*3) focus upon each of the types of analysis: classification, structure analysis, and operation analysis. The explanatory text for each type of analysis covers four (4) important aspects of that kind of analysis:
- definition of terms used for that type of analysis,
- sorts of analyses included within that type of analysis
- method of analyzing in that way
- exercises related to that kind of analysis
As you work through each of these types of analysis read through the text preceding each set of exercises. Then, as you do the exercises, refer back to the text when you feel 'stuck' on a question. Also keep in mind what you have already learned about qualification. Each form of analysis is a particular way of 'qualifying' among options for a particular purpose. Qualities are used to define the categories that you use when you are performing an analysis. The better you are at identifying qualities, the better you will be at performing analyses....